Healthy mouths can have dark gums otherwise known as hyperpigmentation of the gums. This can make one’s smile look less attractive.
The most common cause of dark gums is the buildup of excess melanin build up in the gums, making them look brown or black instead of pink. This is not a disease but just being more common in certain ethnic groups with African or Middle Eastern ancestry. Other causes for dark gums include smoking, side effects from certain medications and possible effect of amalgam fillings on the gum.
Gum bleaching or gum depigmentation is an aesthetic treatment turning the gums pink to make the smile look better.
Bleaching of the gums is done by a minimally invasive diode laser BIOLASE to remove cells that produce melanin and cause discoloration. The gums heal naturally forming healthy pink tissue.